Skip to content

Posts tagged ‘guerra’

Rosina Valicenti – “Tanos” 5

Rosina Valicenti, born in Amendolara, Italy, on 1948. Tanos project 5.

“I didn’t chose to come here: why did you bring me here, I used to ask my mother. My dad, Francesco, bricklayer, missed Italy, not my mother who wanted to stay in Argentina”. “At home we used to talk about  war and work, I remember listening to songs of war: that was what I used to hear about Italy.”
“When I was 20 years old I traveled to Italy with my mother. During this trip I realized a conflict of values: the Italians were attached to money and they seemed to me more discriminatory”.
Fabrizio, his older brother went from Argentina to Spain for 4-5 years working as a bricklayer like her dad …but making the way backwards.
Argentinean or “Tana” ? Rosina is looking for an answer as she feels a “vacuum of identity”.

“Yo no había elegido de venir acá: para que me trajiste acá preguntaba siempre a mi mamá. Mi papá, Francesco, albañil, extrañaba Italia, mamá no, quería quedarse en Argentina”. “En casa se hablaba de guerra y de trabajo. Se cantaban canciones de la guerra: esto me quedaba de Italia”.
“Cuando tenia 20 años viajé a Italia con mi mamá. Durante esta viaje me di cuenta de un conflicto de valores: los italianos eran apegados a la plata y mas discriminatorios”.
Fabrizio, su hermano mayor se fue de Argentina a España durante 4-5 años trabajando como albañil como el papá…pero haciendo el camino al revés.
Argentina o tana ? Rosina, me cuenta, busca la respuesta: siente un “vacío de identidad”.

Buenos Aires. Argentina, 2016-2017. © Luca Bonacini. Copyright: the pictures on this site are the property of the author and cannot be used without permission.

5 May 2017

Malvinas (Falkland), 35 years later

Flag and crosses on Plaza de mayo to remember the Argentinean conflict for the Malvinas (Falkland) islands, started on April 2nd 1982. The Argentinean defeat weakened the dictatorship and lead to its fall (1976-1983). Buenos Aires. Argentina, April 2017. © Luca Bonacini. Copyright: the pictures on this site are the property of the author and cannot be used without permission.

2 Apr 2017

Mexicans come from Aztecs, Peruvians from Incas, Argentinians…from the boats

“The Mexicans come from the Aztecs, the Peruvians from the Incas, and the Argentinians…from the boats.” said once the Mexican poet Octavio Paz talking about the essence of the origin of the Argentinian nation.
Aside from 16th century Spanish colonisation, Argentina’s most significant influx of settlers arrived from Europe – mainly from Spain and Italy – coinciding with the definitive constitution of the state in 1880.
Argentine rulers intended the country to welcome productive immigration, although selectively; and Article 25 of the 1853 Constitution says: ‘The Federal Government will encourage European immigration, and it will not restrict, limit or burden with any taxes the entrance into Argentine territory for foreigners who come with the goal of working the land, improving the industries and teaching the sciences and the arts”.
Barrio of Mataderos. Buenos Aires. Argentina, April 2016. © Luca Bonacini. Copyright: the pictures on this site are the property of the author and cannot be used without permission.

20 Mar 2017

War crimes in Višegrad

CRIMES BEFORE ICTY: VISEGRAD

Director Steve Coulson (International Criminal Tribunal of the Former Yugoslavia)

Pictures: Luca Bonacini and others – 2016

 

The nationalist political parties (Serbs, Croats and Bosniaks) are consolidated at the power in a country already ethnically divided. In one municipality a convicted war criminal became mayor. In Mostar conflicts are so deep that the polls couldn’t be organized…

The situation in Sarajevo doesn’t encourage optimism. The city symbol of the peaceful coexistence of four religions, which has strenuously resisted the siege while Europe turned its back, is slowly changing its face. Many people, some of them children of mixed marriages, are leaving the country in search of jobs. My two best friends already move to Italy to build a better future…

At the same time tourists are coming from the Gulf countries with their wives wrapped in burqas and niqabs. Fascinated by the city and its mountains, they are investing in shopping centers and building residential compounds. In the pool where I used to bring my kids, now there are exclusive schedules for women…

The situation is alarming, especially considering that the war that took place more than 20 years ago led to the “ethnic cleansing” (8000 muslims massacred in few days in Srebrenica).

This is the main topic of the documentary produced by the International Criminal Tribunal of the Former Yugoslavia (director Steve Coulson) and illustrated with some of my photos taken in this area.

It talks about the ethnic cleansing in the region of Višegrad (1992-1993) a small town resting on the river of the Drina. A bucolic area described by the Nobel Prize of literature Ivo Andric in his “Bridge on the Drina”, that became one of the most emblematic crime scene of the former Jugoslavia conflict. Ruins of burned houses, cemetery river and hotel of rapes still testify to a not so distant past. A recent past when Serbian “neighbors”, after decades of cohabitation, started to kill their muslim “neighbors”. The documentary helps us not to forget. The crimes of which Lukic brothers were accused and convicted, still make the blood run cold.

 

I segnali lanciati dalle ultime elezioni municipali (ottobre 2016) in Bosnia-Erzegovina non sono incoraggianti.

I partiti nazionalisti (serbi, croati e bosgnacchi) si consolidano al potere in un paese già etnicamente diviso. In una municipalità, un criminale di guerra condannato diventa sindaco. A Mostar i conflitti sono così accesi che non è nemmeno possibile organizzare gli scrutini…

A Sarajevo la situazione non spinge all’ottimismo.

Una volta città simbolo della convivenza pacifica di 4 religioni, capace di resistere strenuamente all’assedio, malgrado l’abbandono da parte dall’Europa, la capitale del paese piano piano cambia faccia.

I giovani, spesso figli dei matrimoni misti, partono all’estero alla ricerca di lavoro. I miei due migliori amici sono partiti in Italia.

Al posto arrivano i turisti del golfo, con mogli al seguito, spesso avvolte in burqa e niqab. Affascinati dalla città e dalle sue montagne, investono in shopping center, fabbricano condominii. Nella piscina in cui portavo i bambini, da poco hanno stabilito gli orari esclusivi per le donne…

La situazione è preoccupante, soprattutto alla luce della guerra avvenuta più di 20 anni fa’ e che ha provocato vere e proprie “pulizie etniche” (8000 mussulmani massacrati in qualche giorno solo a Srebrenica).

Anche di questo narra il documentario girato dal Tribunale Penale Internazionale per l’ex Jugoslavia e illustrato da alcune mie foto prese nella regione di Višegrad.

Il documentario parla della pulizia etnica nella zona di questa piccola cittadina “tranquilla” adagiata sul fiume Drina. Una zona un tempo bucolica, descritta dal premio nobel della letteratura Ivo Andrić nel suo libro “il ponte sulla Drina” e recentemente un angolo di terra teatro di crimini atroci. Ruderi di case incendiate, un fiume cimitero e l’hotel degli stupri testimoniano ancora di un passato vicino. Un passato in cui i “vicini” serbi, dopo anni di convivenza, hanno iniziato a dare la caccia ai loro “vicini” di casa mussulmani. Il documentario serve a non dimenticare. I crimini di cui sono stati accusati e condannati i fratelli Lukic fanno gelare il sangue.

12 Oct 2016

Patria

1608patria

Patria. Mural que retrata un soldado fallecido durante la guerra de las Malvinas (1982). Buenos Aires, Argentina, May 2016. © Luca Bonacini. Copyright: the pictures on this site are the property of the author and cannot be used without permission.

30 Sep 2016

Mira: words and people from Sarajevo

“Words and people from Sarajevo”, work in progress. “Bums on the street” is the expressive slogan raised by Mira Potocki, against the passivity of the people who accept with resignation the bad economic and social situation of the country. According to Mira, 63 year’s old, “people here do not live, they just survive”. Mira does not receive any pension and she has to take care to her son who was seriously injured during the war. Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, April 2014 © Luca Bonacini. Copyright: the pictures on this site are the property of the author and cannot be used without permission.

27 May 2014

High heels and boots: peaceful protest in Sarajevo

Peaceful protest against the economic and political situation in Bosnia-Herzegovina, during the opening of the restored Vijecnica (City Hall and national library) destroyed by bosnian serb shelling in 1992 during the Sarajevo siege. Between the night of 25 and 26th of August, more than 2 millions of valuable books got lost. Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, May 2014 © Luca Bonacini. Copyright: the pictures on this site are the property of the author and cannot be used without permission.

9 May 2014

Bakir: words and people from Sarajevo

Words and people from Sarajevo: Bakir“Words and people from Sarajevo”, work in progress. I met Bakir in front of a “kafana penzioneri” in Vratnik district of Sarajevo. At that time I was interested on stories and feelings about the war. I quickly learned that is not easy at all to talk about this painful past. “It’s too difficult to speak about the war”, he told me in french. Bakir, football player before the war, spent a after war period in France. Afterwards he came back to his beloved town. People want to look towards the future and this is a political message too… Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, February 2011 © Luca Bonacini. Copyright: the pictures on this site are the property of the author and cannot be used without permission.

11 Apr 2014

Nesiba and Nesib: words and people from Sarajevo

Nesiba and Nesib: words and people from Sarajevo

“Words and people from Sarajevo”, work in progress. Nesiba (54) and Nesib (62) lost their son in 1997. At that time their son Nesib was 20 year’s old and was a civilian victim of the war in Bosnia. He is currently buried in the Bistrik cemetery in Sarajevo but he is the only one which is still without grave after so many years. His parents told me that they do not have enough money to afford a decent grave. They are looking and hoping for some help. Vogosca, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, February 2014 © Luca Bonacini. Copyright: the pictures on this site are the property of the author and cannot be used without permission.

25 Feb 2014

Alija: words and people from Sarajevo

Words and people from Sarajevo: Alija

“Words and people from Sarajevo”, work in progress. Alija Poturovic, 80 years old. Since 1990, is the mosque keeper of the Bijela Dzamija (White Mosque). This job and the religion are the most important part of his life. In his message he says that the “white mosque is a gift to the city of Sarajevo”. During the 1992-95 siege of Sarajevo, the minaret was destroyed by grenades. The new minaret is now shorter than before the war. Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, January 2014 © Luca Bonacini. Copyright: the pictures on this site are the property of the author and cannot be used without permission.

16 Jan 2014